The Trickster Figure in American Literature


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According to Wasco tradition, Coyote was the hero to fight and kill Thunderbird , the killer of people, but he could do that not because of his personal power, but due to the help of the Spirit Chief. In some stories, Multnomah Falls came to be by Coyote's efforts; in others, it is done by Raven. More often than not Coyote is a trickster, but always different. In some stories, he is a noble trickster: "Coyote takes water from the Frog people He took Duck's wife and children, whom he treated badly.

In online environments there has been a link between the trickster and Internet trolling. Some have said that a trickster is a type of online community character.

Trickster - Wikipedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Trickster disambiguation. Further information: List of fictional tricksters. Main article: Coyote mythology. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York Times. In Rivkin, Julie; Ryan, Michael eds. Literary Theory: An Anthology. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

In Brennan, Jonathan ed. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press. Voices of the Winds: Native American Legends.

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Castle Books. Maryknoll, New York: Orbis Books. Bassil-Morozow, Helena The Trickster in Contemporary Film. Ballinger, Franchot; Vizenor, Gerald American Indian Quarterly.

Ballinger, Franchot Boyer, L. Bryce; Boyer, Ruth M. Western Folklore. Datlow, Ellen and Terri Windling.

The Coyote Road: Trickster Tales. History of Religions. Tannen, R.

Mythical Archetype: the Trickster and Pirates of the Caribbean

Films Songs Other. Category Wiktionary. Stock characters.


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Byronic hero Man alone Tragic hero. Gentleman detective Jack Trickster. Harlequin Zanni. Bad boy Gentleman thief Pirate Air pirate Space pirate. False hero. Double agent Evil twin. Oral literature test on Monday, January 12th! Native American Origin Myths. What is a Myth? It is a traditional story that usually has a hero or heroine main character with supernatural powers. Warm-up: Answer the following questions on your own paper.

Native American literature shows a strong respect for what?

The Trickster Character Native American Literature.

What is the term that means. Myths and Legends Nature and Animals. Native Americans believed in- myths and legends heroes and tricksters Social order and appropriate behavior Creation. Similar presentations. Upload Log in. My presentations Profile Feedback Log out. Log in. Auth with social network: Registration Forgot your password? Download presentation. Cancel Download. A cigar-puffing puppet, Froggy induced the adult humans around him to engage in ridiculous and self-destructive hi-jinks. He also is known for entertaining people as a clown does.

For example, many typical fairy tales have the king who wants to find the best groom for his daughter by ordering several trials. No brave and valiant prince or knight manages to win them, until a poor and simple peasant comes. With the help of his wits and cleverness, instead of fighting, he evades or fools monsters and villains and dangers with unorthodox manners. Therefore, the most unlikely candidate passes the trials and receives the reward.


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  5. More modern and obvious examples of that type include Bugs Bunny and Pippi Longstocking. Modern African American literary criticism has turned the trickster figure into an example of how it is possible to overcome a system of oppression from within. For years, African American literature was discounted by the greater community of American literary criticism while its authors were still obligated to use the language and the rhetoric of the very system that relegated African Americans and other minorities to the ostracized position of the cultural "other. As Audre Lorde explained, the problem was that "the master's tools [would] never dismantle the master's house.

    In his writings of the late s, Henry Louis Gates Jr. Wound up in this theory is the idea that the "master's house" can be "dismantled" using his "tools" if the tools are used in a new or unconventional way. To demonstrate this process, Gates cites the interactions found in African American narrative poetry between the trickster, the Signifying Monkey , and his oppressor, the Lion. Yet the Monkey is able to outwit the Lion continually in these narratives through his usage of figurative language. According to Gates, "[T]he Signifying Monkey is able to signify upon the Lion because the Lion does not understand the Monkey's discourse…The monkey speaks figuratively, in a symbolic code; the lion interprets or reads literally and suffers the consequences of his folly This usually leads to the Lion's "trounc[ing]" at the hands of a third party, the Elephant.

    Following in this tradition, critics since Gates have come to assert that another popular African American folk trickster, Br'er Rabbit a contraction of "Brother Rabbit" , uses clever language to perform the same kind of rebellious societal deconstruction as the Signifying Monkey. Brer Rabbit is the "creative way that the slave community responded to the oppressor's failure to address them as human beings created in the image of God. Before Gates, there was some precedent for the analysis of African American folk heroes as destructive agents of an oppressive hierarchical system. In the s and s, T.

    Eliot and Ezra Pound engaged in an epistolary correspondence.

    The Trickster Figure in American Literature

    Pound, writing later of the series of letters, distinguished the language from "the Queen's English, the language of public propriety. In their usage of the Uncle Remus trickster figures' names and dialects, they display an early understanding of the way in which cleverly manipulated language can dismantle a restrictive hierarchy.

    African American literary criticism and folktales are not the only place in the American literary tradition that tricksters are to be found combating subjugation from within an oppressive system. In When Brer Rabbit Meets Coyote , the argument is posited that the Brer Rabbit stories were derived from a mixture of African and Native American mythology , thus attributing part of the credit for the formation of the tales and wiles of Brer Rabbit to "Indian captivity narratives" and the rabbit trickster found in Cherokee mythology.

    While the trickster crosses various cultural traditions, there are significant differences between tricksters in the traditions of different parts of the world:. Many native traditions held clowns and tricksters as essential to any contact with the sacred. People could not pray until they had laughed, because laughter opens and frees from rigid preconception. Humans had to have tricksters within the most sacred ceremonies for fear that they forget the sacred comes through upset, reversal, surprise.

    The trickster in most native traditions is essential to creation, to birth. Native American tricksters should not be confused with the European fictional picaro. One of the most important distinctions is that "we can see in the Native American trickster an openness to life's multiplicity and paradoxes largely missing in the modern Euro-American moral tradition". He can be a hero in one tale and a villain in the next. Both are usually seen as jokesters and pranksters. In Native American creation stories, when Coyote teaches humans how to catch salmon, he makes the first fish weir out of logs and branches.

    Wakdjunga in Winnebago mythology is an example of the trickster archetype. The Coyote mythos is one of the most popular among western Native American cultures, especially among indigenous peoples of California and the Great Basin. According to A. In Chelan myths, Coyote belongs to the animal people but he is at the same time "a power just like the Creator, the head of all the creatures. As the culture hero, Coyote appears in various mythic traditions, but generally with the same magical powers of transformation, resurrection, and "medicine".

    He is engaged in changing the ways of rivers, creating new landscapes and getting sacred things for people.

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    Of mention is the tradition of Coyote fighting against monsters.

    The Trickster Figure in American Literature The Trickster Figure in American Literature
    The Trickster Figure in American Literature The Trickster Figure in American Literature
    The Trickster Figure in American Literature The Trickster Figure in American Literature
    The Trickster Figure in American Literature The Trickster Figure in American Literature
    The Trickster Figure in American Literature The Trickster Figure in American Literature
    The Trickster Figure in American Literature The Trickster Figure in American Literature
    The Trickster Figure in American Literature The Trickster Figure in American Literature
    The Trickster Figure in American Literature The Trickster Figure in American Literature
    The Trickster Figure in American Literature

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