Morality deals with how we are to live as Christians. We seek this understanding in and through Jesus, who describes himself as "the way, and the truth, and the life" John The goal of this module is to explore the foundations of Catholic morality and the practice of the moral life. One goal is to help you reflect upon and articulate your personal faith. Another goal is to understand more fully the truths you profess as a member of the believing community so that you can share your faith with others.
This presentation of the truths of your faith is not an exhaustive treatment of these beliefs. However, through the process of reflection on the content provided here, you will increase your understanding of the truths of the Catholic faith and feel more confident in expressing them. Catholics are a sacramental people. Our faith is rooted in the belief that God is present among us, that God took on flesh and walked among us in the person of Jesus Christ, that Jesus' death and Resurrection were saving for us all, and that the Spirit of God was sent by Jesus to guide and animate us as Church.
When we gather to worship, we ritualize our belief in these mysteries and celebrate the ways in which we find them still deeply present in our lives. In this module you will explore the meaning of liturgy and sacrament and gain insight into why the sacramental life of the faith community is so central to our Catholic identity. This module explores our relationship with the living God that we call prayer. It places prayer within the context of our spirituality, the name we give to the entire life lived in response to God's call.
Prayer and spirituality are our whole hearted "yes" to the mystery of God seeking us. We express this mystery in our creeds, celebrate it in our liturgy, and live it out as we attempt to follow the way of Jesus. The Scriptures explores the central themes and message of the Bible.
It explains what the Bible is and why it is considered the holy book of the Christian community. It introduces some of the foundational stories of the Bible. The module concludes with a reflection on Jesus Christ, who reveals to us the fullness of God's saving action. It also describes the activity of the disciples as they began to spread Jesus' message beyond Palestine after his Resurrection.
The National Directory for Catechesis reminds us that "God reveals himself to us gradually and in stages, drawing us ever closer in order to prepare us to welcome the culmination of God's self-revelation in Jesus Christ. This module will introduce you to the continuous cycle of growth and development that occurs throughout life. You will explore this process of growth from four perspectives: cognitive, psycho social, moral, and faith growth.
The topics in The Learner are: building knowledge, relating to others, learning to love, and growing in faith. The infertility industry in the United States has grown to a multi-billion-dollar business. What is its main commodity? Human eggs. But who is this egg donor? What are the short- and long-term risks to her health? Is she treated justly? The answers to these questions will disturb you It is a life-changing experience that speaks directly to the hearts and minds of middle-school-aged kids. Designed specifically for sixth to eight graders, Encounter uses the color-coded Bible Timeline learning system to reveal the story of our Faith and God's plan for our lives.
As your students are drawn into this story, they will come to a new and profound understanding of who God is. Most importantly, they will see God not as a distant doctrinal concept, but as a loving Father who desires a meaningful and lasting encounter with them. Paul's letter to the Ephesians reveals many remarkable gifts that we as Christians are given in the Church. This letter tells us about the nature of the Church - as a body, as a household, as a mystery, as a communion, as a bride, and as an army.
It shows us the great inheritance that awaits us as sons and daughters, adopted fully into the family of God. It reveals how God's great love for us can transform our daily lives - if we allow it. Ephesians will enrich your faith and show you how to live it out. This is our story, this is our family. Our identity as Catholics means that we are inheritors of the deeds of holy men and women who for 2, years have built a great civilization and spread the Gospel throughout the world.
Church history is not just the recitation of popes, people, places, and events; it is a story of adventure, intrigue, rebellion, reform, and devotion. This story is our story; this is our family. If we know our past, and how we fit into the story, we will be better prepared to face whatever may come in the future. Following the conquest of Babylon, the King of Persia gives a banquet for his people at which he requests the presence of his Vashti.
As she refuses the King's demand, Ahasuerus disowns Vashti and goes in search of her replacement. In his harem, he meets the young girl Esther who immediately captivates him with her charm and beauty. Unaware of her Jewish heritage, King Ahasurus falls in love with Esther. Esther then reveals to Ahsauerur that she is Jewish and asks him to show her people mercy, because of a planned genocide of the Jews by the King's right-hand man, Haman.
In doing so, she saves the lives of many innocent people and paves the way for their return to Jerusalem. From: Affirm Films 91 Minutes This item is for junior high, senior high, adult. We are a Eucharist people, a Eucharistic church, a community formed and nurtured by the Eucharist. How does the Eucharist work? What are its various meanings? In the year of the Eucharist, we pause to reflect upon the Eucharist. Ron Rolheiser, OMI, is a renowned author and specialist in the fields of spirituality and systemic theology.
His weekly column appears in Catholic newspapers around the world. From: Oblate Media Minutes This item is for senior high, adult. Session 5: How Jesus Makes an Evangelist. The work of evangelization cannot be done without missionary disciples. Just as Christ commissioned the first Apostles and disciples to evangelize the ancient world, so too he commissions us to be missionary disciples in the modern world.
But how does Jesus form us into his evangelists? Session 6: Sacraments and the Spirit. To know the Sacraments is to know the power of the Holy Spirit. The Spirit of God, promised by Christ, came in a mighty way at Pentecost; this same Spirit comes to us today through the Sacraments by which we are born to new life as sons and daughters of God and co-heirs with Christ in the power of the Holy Spirit.
From: Augustine Institute 46 minutes per session This item is for. Session 9: Joy in Persecution. How do we respond to conflict, rejection, and outright persecution? The early Christians' response was joy! And their prayer in the face of persecution was for a greater outpouring of God's Spirit. How do we imitate this incredible response? Session The Belly of the Beast.
Whether to Jews or to Gentiles, whether the culture was religious or pagan, the Apostle Paul proclaimed the Gospel in a meaningful and powerful way. How did he do it, and what can we learn from him today? From: Augustine Institute 50 minutes per session This item is for. Session 7: Leadership in the Church. Did Jesus Christ intend for his Church to have distinct leadership roles? This session explores how the various levels of authority - bishops, priests, deacons, laity - are not only present in the Acts of the Apostles, but are used by the Holy Spirit to direct the Church to all truth as Jesus promised.
Session 8: Charisms of the Spirit. What is a charism? Do we all have them? And what are they to be used for? This lesson delves into the myriad of charisms the Holy Spirit lavishes on God's people for the building up of Christ's Body, the Church. From: Augustine Institute 43 minutes per session This item is for. Session 3: Proclaiming the Kerygma. After St. Peter's preaching on Pentecost, 3, people were baptized! Just what did Peter say that had such impact? The core message Peter proclaimed - the kerygma - has the same power to change lives today as it did on Pentecost. Session 4: Signs and Wonders.
Do miracles still happen? And do they have a role to play in evangelization? The early life of the Church was as full of signs and wonders as Christ's public ministry. And these miracles are meant for every age to bring about new, and renewed, faith in Jesus Christ. From: Augustine Institute 52 minutes per session This item is for. Session 1 - Why Study Acts? This session looks at the "signs of our times" - with sobering reminders of how desperately our world needs a restoration of the biblical worldview - and our role in the great spiritual battle surrounding us.
Evangelization is not an optional activity for the Church, but the very reason she exists. Session 2 - Clothed with Power. The descent of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost brought about a radical transformation in the Apostles and disciples and, through them, the whole world. This "sober intoxication of the Spirit: was, and is to be, expected in the life of every believer, and is meant to bring about the same radical transformation in our own day. From: Augustine Institute 49 minutes per session This item is for. They celebrated the diversity reflected in the Church in North America, and explored how to evangelize God's people, from whatever culture.
This video program is designed to bring the Institute to those who could not attend in person. Whether you work in evangelization or adult faith formation, for a diocese or a parish, this resource will help you in the work of evangelization, even across cultures. In today's fast-paced and stress-oriented world, it is hard for young people to stop and search for God's will for their lives. A young person's life is full of decisions: what to do after high school, what career to pursue, whom to marry, and where to live. These are only a few of the questions they face. Without God's guidance, the future is overwhelming, worrisome, and frightening.
This video explores the pat to finding God's will, helping young people to hear His purpose for their lives. From: Paraclete Press 40 Minutes This item is for. Born in Connecticut of Irish immigrant parents just a few years before the Civil War, Michael McGivney grew up at a time when millions of Catholic immigrants were struggling to overcome poverty and prejudice. As a parish priest in the gritty New England manufacturing town of New Haven, he made a deep impact on his community, earning the respect of the Protestant establishment and the love of his parishioners at St.
Emboldened to care for families threatened by the death of the breadwinner, Fr. This film offers a rare glimpse into the life of an extraordinary priest and visionary leader. From: Janson Media 57 minutes This item is for senior high, adult. This award-winning movie is a beautiful representation of the mystical life of St. Maria Faustina, who became the "Apostle of Divine Mercy". It tells the story of her mystical experiences as a nun living in a convent in Poland in the early 20th century.
It is to her that Jesus appeared and commanded that she be his instrument for promoting devotion to his Divine Mercy, and that the Feast of Divine Mercy be established and celebrated on the Sunday after Easter. He also requested from Sister Faustina that an image be painted and venerated of him and his Divine Mercy, and asked that we pray especially the Chaplet of Mercy.
The story and film are based on her own writings from her "Diary", which has become a worldwide best-selling spiritual work. From: Ignatius Press 88 minutes This item is for. Produced by the award-winning filmmakers of the highly acclaimed feature film The 13th Day, this is a powerful and in-depth documentary that combines archival footage, dramatic reenactments, original interviews with Fatima experts and stunning visuals to tell the whole story of the apparitions of Our Lady of Fatima.
With high production values and a beautiful look, artists and filmmakers Ian and Dominic Higgins present a compelling docu-drama on all the crucial details about the appearances and messages of Our Lady in Fatima in , a message of prayer, penance and conversion that is desperately needed in our modern world. From the initial apparitions of the Angel who prepared the children for Our Lady's coming, to the Miracle of the Sun, including moving film footage from The 13th Day, this illuminating and inspiring film will impact all those who see it to personally take heed of the critical messages of Our Lady of Fatima.
From: Ignatius Press 90 Minutes This item is for. On the eve of Christmas in the year , Francis of Assisi, with the help of some friends, recreated the nativity scene in a cave near Greccio, Italy. A simple hay-filled manger, and an ox and ass, were all the saint used to evoke the poverty and humility of Christ's birth. After the death of Francis, the custom of the Christmas crib spread around the world. Today every culture touched by Christianity expresses the mystery of Christmas in settings and figures unique to that place and its people.
Video tells the story of Francis and the first Christmas crib by means of a simple narration. The adventure begins as two young people try to be the first to discover a treasure hidden in the local church. In this animated feature, they discover that the real treasure is none other than Jesus in the Blessed Sacrament. Hidden in the tabernacle waiting our prayers, looking for us each day in Holy Communion, He is the greatest treasure imaginable.
The conflicts of the early Christians in Corinth are in many ways similar to our struggles today as Christians. With divisions, immorality, persecution, and other trials of the faithful, the message of St. Paul to the Corinthians is a much-needed message for our own times. Paul taught the Corinthians about the nature of grace and the Church as the body of Christ.
Most importantly, he introduced the Corinthian Christians to the most powerful gift of all, the Eucharist. From: Ascension Press 10 Sessions This item is for senior high, adult. Jesus calls us to be his disciples, to trust him, to open ourselves to his merciful love, and to love others as he has loved us.
Follow Me invites you to experience the joy of a renewed friendship with Christ. Following Christ is a seven-week journey of Catholic discipleship. Participants are invited on the journey to a deeper and more committed discipleship of our Lord Jesus Christ. Presenters Dave Nodar, Fr. Erik Arnold, and Ally Ascosi share practical teachings on how to live as a Catholic disciple of Jesus Christ in today's world. Following Christ is the second part of the ChristLife evangelization process.
It is designed to help people who have completed the Discovering Christ course enter into deeper union with God and to establish the lifestyle of a disciple of Jesus Christ through praying together, hearing discipleship focused teaching, and growing together in small group community through discussion and accountability. From: ChristLife 5 hr 30 min This item is for adult.
The Parable of the Sheep - a simple yet powerful reminder of what it means to serve Jesus by our service to others, even the least among us. The Story of the Wise and Unwise Builders - a fun and unforgettable lesson on the benefits of living life as God intends. This Little Light of Mine - a musical lesson showing the effect our faith can have on others. From: Herald Kids 3 Segments This item is for. This video opens its audience to the lives of modern women who have responded to a personal call to follow Jesus Christ with the gift of their own lives.
This inspiring journey showcases the stories of Sisters from multiple communities from their first hearing of the call to their daily lives now - praying, accompanying the poor, tending the sick, comforting the elderly, teaching the young, and protecting the most vulnerable. From: Grassroots Films, Inc. This item is for.
Sin, guilt, failure, disappointment We all have to deal with them, but we can't do it alone. The remedy is immediately available and miraculously effective - the Sacrament of Reconciliation Confession isn't a rule, a formality, or an old-fashioned ritual. The Blessings of Confession - This episode includes: "The Parable of the Tax Collector" - an entertaining, animated depiction of Jesus' teaching about repentance. How to make a good confession. It was the age of knights and kings, when honor belonged to the heroes and glory was found in the battle field.
There lived a brave young man named Francis, who's wish was to become a might warrior and conquer a magnificent castle. Francis felt a calling to greater glory. God had vested upon hima very special mission that would require a supreme act of courage. Francis gave up all that he has and joyfully embarked upon the most exciting and unexpected adventure. Fortunately for young women today, another sort of model took these great models of womanhood - the saints in Heaven - to heart.
In her new DVD, From Top Model to Role Model, fashion model and Catholic "revert" Leah Darrow offers her own story of sin and redemption as a case study in how damaging the current culture can be to women. Launching her career as a cast member of the TV reality show America's Next Top Model, Leah plunged headfirst into the modeling business. Today recovering from the ordeal and having returned to the Catholic Church of her childhood, Leah speaks to young people, in particular young women, about the importance of maintaining their dignity and their relationship with God.
This video is about 'warm fuzzies' - acts of positive attention and recognition such as kind words, touching, smiles and expressions of love. Warm fuzzies are given and received freely until fear enters the picture with rumors that warm fuzzies are in short supply. Suddenly, people are afraid to give them out and look for artificial substitutes with the results being a world not unlike the one in which we presently live.
One size doesn't fit everyone! When we think we've reached the deepest level of discipleship, Jesus invites us to more. What are these invitations from Jesus to give our lives more deeply; and how can we recognize them? Why does he invite us to give our death as a blessing to others. Discover what Generative Discipleship means in a Biblical perspective and how it will bring a deeper meaning to your life.
It began in with one man's vision to bring about change and reform. But unexpectedly, it would forever alter the very flow of contemporary human history. From the debate on changing the Mass and the Sacraments to the volatile relationship between the Church and modern culture, Vatican II brought about sweeping reforms throughout both the Church and the world. He left behind a lasting legacy. But what would now become of the Council inspired by his genius of the heart?
Genius of the Heart is the first installment in a series of five one-hour programs which examines the dramatic changes fostered by the Second Vatican Council and its continuing effects on history and the modern world. Young children will get a view of the first Christmas from a unique perspective. This is the story of an ordinary little bug who lived in a crack of the Jerusalem wall. This little creature follows three travelers on camels as they follow a star leading to a newborn king. This delightful story is told in rhyming verses and is beautifully illustrated.
This poignant story about the relationship between a boy and a tree illustrates some truths about the meaning of giving, receiving and love. The tree happily and unselfishly offers itself to the boy for climbing, shade and rest. But as the boy grows up, he wants different things from the tree -- money from its apples and lumber from its limbs. The boy's life takes him farther from the tree, but old age reunites them and brings their relationship full circle. A Christian college freshman Shane Harper and his atheist philosophy professor Kevin Sorbo debate the existence of God. To pass the course, Josh Wheaton must prove to the class that God is alive.
Putting his relationships and his future on the line, will Josh be able to support his beliefs? Court is now in session! The Three Days are the center and climax of our Christian year. It all begins on Holy Thursday evening and ends on Easter Sunday afternoon. This video explores what happens in the afternoon or evening of Good Friday. The church assembles in a way that is unlike any other day of the year. Kneeling or prostrate, all are silent. Then the scriptures are proclaimed, and many prayers of intercession are chanted. Finally, the holy cross is set down in the midst of the church, and, for as long as it takes, each person comes forward to venerate and honor the wood of the cross, all the while singing of its glory.
Video will fuel discussion about what a Good Friday celebration should be. In the exhilarating action epic For Greater Glory, an impassioned group of men and women risk everything for family, faith, and the very future of their country - as the film's adventure unfolds against the long-hidden, true story of the s Cristero War - the daring people's revolt that rocked the 20th Century North America. December , Mexico.
On her request the Indian peasant wraps some Castilian roses in his "tilma," which had mysteriously bloomed on the barren rock at his feet. He is given an audience with his Bishop to tell his amazing story, and when he meets the Bishop he opens his cloak to a miraculous scene: the image of the Virgin is impressed upon it. The image is extraordinarily real. Centuries later, the results of scientific analysis are amazing. In the Virgin's eyes the 13 figures who witnessed the miracle are visible.
The stars on her cloak are positioned exactly as they were on the day of the miracle. The painting technique used is unknown. The color are vibrant and intact; the cloth itself, uncorrupted by time. And that's not all: an extraordinary discovery reveals the Spanish origin from Extremadura, Spain of the name Guadalupe and it's incredible connection with the Evangelist Saint Lucas.
Guardians, in the service of Holy Mother Church, calls forth such ideals as honor, loyalty, justice, chivalry, and respect for all. In the use of the term guardian, the altar server is reminded of his duty to serve the Lord of lords with fidelity and honor, to treat others with respect and justice, and to live an upright personal life, defending always the rights of God and his Holy Church. The Master Guardians are those young men who have proven to be true to the service of this society over the course of years.
From the basics of liturgy as the official, public prayer of the Church, to the reasons behind the changes, Fr. Greg takes you on a journey to a deeper understanding of the Mass. Use the resources in this package together or seperately to fit your needs. Anthony Messenger Press This item is for senior high, adult. Happiness features interviews with well-known psychiatrists, celebrities, New Testament scholars, physicists, and priests and uncover the deeper answers to life's most profound questions. Using Fr. Spitzer's proven paradigm, "The Four Levels of Happiness" as our cornerstone episode 1 , we move through the remaining 6 episodes dealing with unhappiness and depression and then to evidence for our transcendent and eternal life.
We examine the resurrection of Jesus Christ and finally, we learn how to properly deal with, and benefit from, suffering. What can we do in the midst of a consumer society that distorts our most cherished values? This timely video teaches children and reminds parents why we celebrate Christmas. It explains why people began to give gifts at Christmastide, and offers practical solutions for simpler, non-materialistic yuletide celebrations. Most importantly, it emphasizes Christ's message of peace, justice and care for our world nad its people. Share the story of the Resurrection and Ascension of Jesus Christ with your family.
Relive the real story of Easter as you watch He Is Risen. The story of the greatest miracle of all. Sorrow and despair become complete joy and love as the disciples behold and walk with their resurrected Master. From: Nest Family 45 Minutes This item is for. This video explores what we do in the first hours of the Three Days, after lent is quietly left behind.
We see and hear how the church assembles on Thursday night and processes into the Paschal Triduum. After people have heard powerful scripture readings, taken time to wash each other's feet, raised a collection for the poor, celebrated eucharist and gone singing in procession with the blessed sacrament -- then the Three Days are well begun. What group in your parish would not be stimulated to love and appreciate our Catholic tradition by watching this video. Even more, it will help the parish year after year observe Lent with great anticipation.
What is prayer? How do we pray? Why do we pray? From the thoughts and comments of church leaders to the insights and experiences of Catholics from all walks of life, the prayer DVDs invite us all to discover how much we pray already. From: Oblate Media 22 Minutes This item is for senior high, adult. Beth and her brother, Digger, can hardly wait for the Christmas celebration to come, so they are excited to learn that the church has a special season of waiting and preparation in expectation of the coming Savior; the season of Advent.
Beth and Digger happily hear God's plan of salvation as they light the candles of their Advent wreath and mark the days until the coming of Emmanuel, our "God With US. From: Creative Communications 27 Minutes This item is for. Digger is a curious youngster who would like to join in on the Halloween festivities, but some of his friends say that celebrating Halloween is wrong.
Digger is pleased to learn that young Christians can enjoy the Halloween celebration with the knowledge that God is our refuge and strength, therefore we have nothing to rear. From: Creative Communications 25 Minutes This item is for. We are all searching for answers to the most basic questions: Who are we? Why are we here? Do we really matter? In a world fraught with hostility and violence, an altruistic group of young men endeavor to understand the true essence of the human spirit by visiting forgotten souls such as homeless New Yorkers, Peruvian orphans and isolated Ghanaian lepers. By spotlighting heartwarming stories from around the world, this uplifting documentary shows viewers that every single person, no matter his or her lot in life, is beautiful.
The Mass is a window into time and eternity. This animated feature will inspire devotion in young people as it takes them to Calvary, years ago and to the altar today. They are present at the foot of the cross and see Jesus as He takes on the sins of the world and dies out of love for them This is not science fiction, or a Hollywood special effect, but a great mystery. Christians throughout the ages have learned the true meaning of their lives through encountering Christ on the cross, at each sacrifice of the Mass.
Now it is time for you to discover it too! I Will Follow, is a short film we have created to encourage men to consider a vocation to the priesthood. The joy they have experienced in their vocation is a moving and powerful witness for the priesthood. This two-part film examines contemporary issues of interreligious understanding grounded in the timeless Franciscan tradition of tolerance, peacemaking, and social justice.
Follow St. This journey becomes a historic symbol for peace as Francis crosses the battle lines of the crusades and reached out to the enemy. These countercultural efforts of Francis, a simple friar, and the sultan, the leader of the Muslim forces of the Levant, made these men most unusual in their time.
Through them, we see an example that speaks to us today as we work to achieve understanding among peoples of different backgrounds, faith traditions, cultures, and ethnicities. How does God call you to make a difference in the world? All Catholics -- teenagers and senior citizens, college students and RCIA candidates, pastors and parish councils, Catholic schoolchildren and families -- will be challenged to respond to it.
Part one provides a brief but compelling overview of the seven themes of Catholic social teaching and a summary of the scriptural and historical context for their development. In part two, each theme is highlighted through the living examples of six extraordinary individuals and a couple who offer insight and inspiration as they share their own commitments to promoting justice and peace in the world today. On a cold, dark night in Bethlehem, two innkeepers are hustling and bustling trying to keep up all the work to be done. Everybody's in town for the census and there's not a room to be found anywhere.
Re-creates the first Christmas as seen through the eyes of Arimus and Ramada, busy innkeepers who had no room at the inn! These colorful puppets will bring laughter and warmth to your heart in a very special way. This DVD is the first in a series of fun and faithful videos created to teach children ages about the Catholic faith. Uniquely presented "by kids - for kids" the "Holy Heroes Adventure Guides" take the audience into Scripture, back in time, and behind the scenes to reveal how the Old Testament manna, Passover, and Jewish tabernacle reveal the Last Supper, the Mass, and Eucharistic piety for today's faithful.
Children will enjoy the creative and attention-grabbing presentations - from play acting to puppet shows, to the flying "Holy Heros Answer Kid" and much more. From: Holy Heroes 60 Minutes This item is for. The greatest storyteller ever to live was Jesus Christ.
He told parables and stories, not only to entertain and instruct, but to lead us on the path toward truth and light - the path to God. Each story is accompanied by a specific piece of music that deepens the tapestry and artistry of the entire story. The songs in the video help to paint a picture of the scene or bring to a conclusion the overall theme.
This beautiful, powerful, and expressive collection of stories is sure to inspire faith and hope. Over twenty percent of all pregnancies in the United States end in abortion. Very little is reported about the effect abortion has on women who go through the procedure. In this revealing documentary we hear the very personal stories of five women who chose abortion. In their own words they bravely share their struggles with remorse and the array of psychological challenges faced after their decision.
There stories are explored by some of the world's leading Christian counselors who offer hope for forgiveness and restoration. From: Vision Video 58 Minutes This item is for. Echoes of Faith Series: Introductions to the Scriptures is intended as a general overview of the central themes and message of the Bible. You will learn what the Bible is and why it is considered the holy book of the Christian community. Topics: What Is the Bible? Why Is the Bible Holy? What's in the Bible?
Jesus: The Alpha and the Omega. A Story of Love - For a Woman. For a Brother. And For God. For seven long years, Jacob has labored to earn the right to marry beautiful Rachel. Now the seven years are up - but Rachel's devious father substitutes his elder daughter on the wedding night. Highlights of Jacob's life - how he usurped his brother Esau's birthright and blessing, the pillow of stone, the ladder to heaven, wrestling with God - are set against the heartache and hope of his relationship with the woman he seems destined never to possess.
Sustained by his faith in God and his love for Rachel, Jacob perseveres James is one of the most practical books of the Bible. Like the book of Proverbs, it is a book of wisdom, a collection of teachings on issues faced by ordinary Christians in everyday life.
These teachings speak loudly to all those who feel torn between the competing demands of this world and their faith. This study offers "pearls for wise living" by applying the wisdom of James to the present. For anyone who has struggles to live a truly Christian life, James offers a wealth of practical solutions for handling and even sanctifying everyday circumstances. A Prophet of Destruction: Jeremiah tells the story of the prophet Patrick Dempsey who abandons his family and the woman he loves in order to relay God's message in Jerusalem.
Scripture Citations for every day of Advent to instruct and inspire you with the Word of God. Have you ever felt that when Christmas comes around that you're just not ready? Of all the liturgical seasons of the year, Advent is certainly the most stressful, and it may be the most confusing. Catholics seems to have a good grasp of Christmas, Lent, and Easter. But, what is the deeper meaning of Advent? And how can understanding this season help us better prepare for Christmas?
In this series, Dr. Brant Pitre shows how a deeper understanding of the ancient Jewish prophecies of the Messiah can help unlock the hidden meanings of the season of Advent. In this exciting talk, Dr. Pitre shines the light of the Old Testament and ancient Judaism on the words and deeds of Jesus to reveal the amazingly Jewish roots of the Eucharist.
Using his in-depth knowledge of Jewish messianic expectations, Dr. Pitre shows how the hope for a New Exodus and the coming of the Messiah really proves that Jesus really did intend to give us the Eucharist and it is nothing less than the gift of Himself, Body, Blood, Soul, and Divinity. From: Catholic Productions This item is for. A star-studded international cast adds depth and humanity to the roles of the people who walked in the footsteps of the Lord. The film provides the setting and background for the birth, childhood, baptism, teaching, and many miracles of the Messiah, culminating in the Divine Resurrection.
From: Zonderkidz 10 6 Minute stories This item is for. He's Here! In this eye-opening lecture, Dr. Pitre unveils the love of Christ in his Passion and the sacraments. Jesus the Christ: A visual meditation uses image and sound to capture and celebrate key moments in the hidden life, public ministry, Passion,and Resurrection of Jesus.
The impact of the video is deeply personal and profoundly prayerful. Magnificent works of art retell the story of Jesus; instrumental music elevates the power of the images; artistic styles reflect cultural and ethnic diversity; leader's guide offers creative strategies for using the program with various ages in many settings; use in catechetical programs, for retreats, RCIA, youth ministry, seasonal program and celebrations.
Father Calloway shares how Saint Faustina embraced a spiritual life based on deep humility, purity of intention, and loving obedience to the will of God in imitation of the virtues of the Blessed Virgin Mary. In the s, Saint Faustina received from the Lord a message of mercy that she was told to spread throughout the world. In a diary of about six hundred pages, she recorded the revelations she received about God's mercy. How could a laborer who chiseled rocks and cut wood forgive sins, heal the sick and raise the dead?
Who was this first-century carpenter who change the whole course of history - or eternity? As he trudged the dusty paths of Israel, he was worshipped as God; as he performed signs that revealed his divinity, he was executed as a traitor. Join Stephen Ray as he catches fish on the Sea of Galilee, camps along the Jordan River, and explores the places where Jesus lived and taught.
Experience the breathtaking journey through the streets of Jerusalem to Calvary and the tomb; encounter the Resurrection and Pentecost. Gain a deeper appreciation for our Savior and the price he paid for our salvation. From: Ignatius Press 94 Minutes This item is for. The everyday story of children who lie to avoid being punished by grown-ups.
Through this animated story, children learn to see that God's forgiveness is the only way to stop their sins from getting bigger. They come to know that one of God's greatest gifts is forgiveness and that lying to avoid a problem only makes it bigger. Elected supposedly as an "interim pope" who would just keep the status quo and listen to the advisers around him, John XXIII proved to be his own man when he surprised the church and world by calling for the Second Vatican Council. From: Ignatius Press Minutes This item is for. Cast into a pit by his jealous brothers, young Joseph please for mercy.
Instead, the brothers sell the terrified boy into slavery in Egypt. But Joseph turns this agonizing betrayal into triumph. Academy award winners Ben Kingsley and Martin Landau highlight an outstanding cast in this beloved Biblical tale of treachery and redemption. Joseph uses his gift for diving dreams to rise from slave to Pharaoh's most trusted aide, saving Egypt from Joseph's power. Joseph, he was a just man, appointed by God to be the husband of Mary and the chosen father of Jesus.
But there is more to St. Joseph than his familiar role at the center of the salvation message, In him, we see a man of uncompromised obedience. A prayerful man. An exemplary worker. A true model of authentic manhood. Joseph - the historical man, his response to God's call, and the many ways in which he reflects the nature of God. From: Ignatius Press 65 minutes This item is for. This is the first feature film ever on the story of St. Joseph - carpenter, husband of Mary and the chosen father of Jesus Christ. Scripture tells us that St. Joseph was a "just man", and that God gave him the most daunting task ever asked of a man - to be the husband of the woman who would give birth to the Messiah, and the father and protector of this Holy Family, the man closet to Christ.
Tobias Moretti stars in a manly. He is a man of faith who has to grapple greatly with the profound mysteries of the divine conception, virgin birth and the Incarnation of the Son of God, and the incredible challenges of protecting and raising Jesus amidst the threats on his life from the moment of His birth. Joseph learns to trust in the words from God's mysterious messengers as he accepts these challenged as the head of the Holy Family.
From: Ignatius Press minutes This item is for. Introduce your kids, your classroom to the Sacrament of Communion with this lively new video presentation. Explanations from Father Ken are combined with interviews with kids; on-screen storyboard Bible teachings, images from around the world, and an "on the road" field trip to explore how the altar bread of Communion is made, and the relationship between "Eucharist" and Thanksgiving.
Your class will enjoy paying attention to this way of instruction! From: Paraclete Press, Inc. The King is Born is a video classic about the birth of Jesus based on the Bible. Beginning with Gabriel announcing God's blessed plan for Mary. This video brings all the elements of this timeless story to life. Journey with Mary and Joseph to Bethlehem and witness the humble birth of our Savior together with the shepherds. The Last Supper. The Great Feast. Bread and Wine.
Jesus said, "This is my Body" and "This is my Blood. Others say they're really the Body and Blood of Christ, but can't explain how that's possible. The Eucharist is the center-point of the Mass - but why? The answers are here. Renowned teacher Dr. Brant Pitre guides us through Scripture, history, and Church teaching to illuminate the wonder and miracle of the Eucharist. With deep insight, Dr. Pitre gives a fresh perspective for understanding the mystery that is the Eucharist.
Who is Mary, the mother of Jesus? Why is she so important to Catholics, and why have so many people been devoted to her over the centuries? What can we learn about her from Sacred Scripture? Featuring the insightful biblical teaching of Dr. By closely examining the connections between the Old and New Testaments, Dr. Pitre presents clear and easily understood explanations about the life and identity of Mary, the Mother of God. From: Augustine Institute Minutes This item is for senior high, adult.
It combines the liturgical and spiritual aspects of being an effective lector with public speaking techniques. In this wonderfully animated adaptation of The Legend of the Candy Cane, you'll discover a fascinating story of hope and the hidden meaning of a favorite Christmas candy -- the candy cane.
Based on the best-selling book, The Legend of the Candy Cane, this recreated and expanded version will introduce you to a wonderful cast of characters that you're sure to love. From: Zonderkidz 30 Minutes This item is for. The Legend of the Three Trees is a timeless retelling of the classic folktale of three distinct trees, each with its own hopes, dreams and aspirations.
We follow a beautiful olive tree blossoming in the valley, a knotty oak tree clinging to the shore and a strong pine standing high on the mountainside. They each dreamed of becoming great - perhaps a majestic treasure chest, or a magnificent sailing ship, or maybe the tallest tree in the forest. But their dreams didn't seem to come true.
Disappointed and dejected, the trees despair about their existence until they each finally interact, in their own unique ways, with Jesus Christ in His birth, ministry and ultimate sacrifice.
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In these experiences, they learn that God has a special purpose for each of them in His kingdom. From: Mainstreet Entertainment 30 Minutes This item is for. Children are taught the significance of Ash Wednesday, the meaning of the Stations of the Cross, and the highlights of the celebrations of Holy Week. This video creates a sense of awareness, anticipation, and appreciation for the season of Lent. In this four part video series, Father Michael Himes draws insights from the Lenten Sunday liturgical readings, and in particular the stories of water, light and life from the Gospel of John year A.
These are the readings recommended for use with RCIA, no matter what year it is in the cycle of readings. These videos help us reflect on the implications of our baptismal faith and are perfect for use with people preparing for Baptism, prayer groups and Lenten adult education classes. Water is a primal symbol and Father Himes shows its varied dimensions in the Scriptures. Water gives life, but it also takes life. Himes takes us on a reflection into the depth of baptismal imagery - showing how Christian commitment requires dying to self in order to rise with Christ.
Anthony Messenger Press 27 Minutes This item is for. When Jesus is told to "come and see" the tomb of his friend, Lazarus, we are reminded of the "come and see" that Jesus extended to his first followers. When Jesus weeps and is troubled in this scene, there is a foreshadowing of the reaction of the disciples to Jesus' death. Himes brings us to the insight that life for Lazarus, and for us, holds endless possibilities. Death will not have the last word. The living God will.
The theme of this week is "light and darkness. We discover how the "man born blind" only sees Christ when he "testifies. What is Temptation, Really? With humor and passionate insight, Father Himes demonstrates how these stories give us an overview of all of salvation history, from creation to new life in Christ. Here you will be challenged by the question "What is Temptation, really? Here you will discover the freedom of God's action in the call of Abraham and the Transfiguration story.
All this invites us to reflect on the power of "call" and Baptism.
Introduction to the Pentateuch
The Sign of the Cross - a catchy tune about an important prayer gesture. The Little Way of Saint Therese - a visualized story. Let's Pray! The Our Father - the traditional prayer sung to a moving melody. With God's Love - a song that encourages us to serve others. From: Herald Kids 21 Minutes This item is for. Dangerous journeys through a wild sandstorm and encounters with a menacing bandit and his wild jackal named Odiferous turn the boys' overnight campout into an adventure of a lifetime.
An inspired motion-picture masterpiece. In this extraordinary talk, Guido, a charming but bumbling waiter who's gifted with a colorful imagination and an irresistible sense of humor, has won the heart of the woman he loves and created a beautiful life for his young family. But then, that life is threatened by world War II Honored with an overwhelming level of critical acclaim, this truly exceptional, utterly unique achievement will lift your spirits and capture your heart!
In five languages. Follow Joel and his pet lamb, Bramble, as they frolic into rocky territory. Laugh at sister Sarah's practical jokes. Watch grandfather plant the seeds of faith, and witness the transforming power of hope and love. From: Video Vision 25 Minutes This item is for. From: Paulist Evangelization Ministries This item is for. For almost fifty years, Catholic parishes have prayed the Mass in English. After years of planning and preparation, a new edition of The Roman Missal will change many of the familiar words of the prayers of the Mass.
While change is never easy, it does provide an opportunity.
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Now is the time to revisit the meaning of the Mass, to understand it more deeply, and to reflect on what within it remains eternal. Developed by a parish to serve their community and the broader church, Lord, Teach Us to Pray provides a framework for valuable, communal reflection not only on the changes but on the meaning and purpose of the Mass. Marty Gleeson O. Carol Weiler about the three part spiritual journey for women with St.
Ignatius of Loyola. Ignatius introduced people to Ignatian prayer by structuring the prayer experience around Christian virtues. Ignatian prayer has been in existence for almost years, and it is said by some that the spiritual exercises were given to St. Ignatius by the Blessed Mother herself. As such, they have been safeguarded throughout the centuries.
The exercises have shaped the spirituality of countless children of God including saints; drawing them into and guiding them to a very deep spirit filled relationship with God. This beautiful way of prayer is meant to open our hearts to a deep and wonderful relationship with the Lord Jesus Christ. Lourdes is the most famous of all srhines to the Virgin Mary. Every year it attracts thousands of pilgrims. But Lourdes is not only about spectacular "miracles. Lourdes is about physical and spiritual healing, recollection, prayer and inner peace.
This documentary begins by recountin Bernadette's account of the apparitions of Our Lady to her by the River Gava in Lourdes in and then focuses on the four messages which Our Lady gave to her. The program captures the daily spiritual rhythm of Lourdes - the Procession with the Blessed Sacrament, the Way of the Cross and the torchlight procession. There are interviews with pilgrims which give witness to the deep spiritual meaning of the experience of Lourdes.
This is an excellent portrait for those who would like to know more baout Lourdes, and it provides a wonderful opportunity for deeper understanding of pilgrimage. Sexual intimacy is a gift from God to be enjoyed within marriage. But choosing to save sex for marriage is difficult for young people, especially in today's society. Young people need to know the many benefits of saving sex for marriage: it shows respect for oneself, one's sexuality, and one's relationships. It is an expression of love for God.
Living with sexual integrity recognizes and respects the importance, value, and power of sex. The young people and counselors on Love is Patient share this message from their personal testimonies, letting viewers know that sexual abstinence before marriage is God's expectation for all of us, and that He will give us the grace to do it.
This film tells the inspiring and tragic story of the beloved saint of modern youth who died defending her purity at the hands of a knife-wielding attacker. Actress Martina Pinto gives a luminous performance as St. Maria Goretti, revealing the strong faith, great courage, and profound charity the young saint possessed. Beautifully filmed in Italy, this movie captures the deep spirit of love and unity within the Goretti family, led by Maria's outstanding parents, whose story is part of the plight of the poor laborers of the time struggling to survive in a swampy area rampant with malaria and poverty.
Story of an old cobbler who has lost his family as well as all interest in life. He hopes only to die. In a dream he hears a voice, which he assumes is the Lord's, promising to come and visit him the next day. The following day, people in need arrive at his door and he helps them. By evening Martin is disappointed that his 'special guest' has not arrived.
Shortly after, an extraordinary vision reveals to him that in caring for others he has met his 'special visitor. Filmed on location in the Holy Land, Mary: A Biblical Walk with the Blessed Mother will place you in the midst of the powerful drama of her earthly life, taking you through her joys You will learn how she works in our lives today, drawing us ever closer to her Divine Son.
Seeing Mary in this way will change you forever. Mary will become a part of your daily life, and in your daily life, you will become more like Christ. Mary of Nazareth is an epic new motion picture on the life of Mary, mother of Christ, from her childhood through the Ressurection of Jesus. The film vividly captures the essence of Mary's profound faith and trust in God amidst the great mysteries that she lived with as the Mother of the Messiah, her compassionate humanity and concern for others, and the deep love that she and Jesus shared for one another.
This movie underscores her special role in God's plan for the tremendous suffering that she endured in union with his passion and death, as well as her serene joy at his Ressurection. From: Ignatius Press Min This item is for. She was a humble girl from an ordinary Jewish family. All because this simple girl said a simple word: Yes. Follow Mary's extraordinary journey on location in Israel, Turkey and Greece, with popular Catholic author and speaker Stephen Ray as your guide. Together, you'll travel the dusty paths that took Mary to the heart of the salvation story. Discovering the Mary of the Bible will help you know and love her Son.
You'll clearly understand Mary's immaculate Conception, her Assumption into Heaven and more. All in an energized, high-impact adventure that's a travel documentary, biography, Bible study, apologetics course and Church history study! For many centuries the mainstream Churches denied that there was any evidence of tampering in God's divine word, but this position is no longer tenable, and no mainstream Church now seeks to deny it.
For example the introduction to the Pentateuch in the Jerusalem Bible concludes with the statement that "Throughout, the hands of the Deuteronomic and Priestly editors are often to be observed, annotating and adapting". Sometimes the text has been tampered with in an effort to make sense of it. For example, in 2 Samuel David regretted having carried out a census, saying he had "sinned greatly", even though God had told him to do so. Some years later the story was revised so that it was Satan who instigated the census, but the revisers neglected to revise the original.
So it is that a duplicate of the same story appears at 1 Chronicles , except Satan replaces God. Sometimes, the disruption of regular patterns betrays the fact that changes have been made either deliberately or accidentally. For example acrostic poems have been broken up, presumably by people who failed to realise that the text formed an acrostic. Psalms 9 and 10 are really a single poem, each verse starting with a Hebrew letter in alphabetical order, but as a note in the Jerusalem Bible puts it "in the present text there are several letters without their strophes".
Again, in Psalm one of the verses "Nun" is missing from the Hebrew text and has had to be supplied from Greek texts see the Jerusalem Bible Psalm , note a. Another give-away arises from taking a passage and inserting it elsewhere without checking the context. Thus for example 2 Samuel says that the Philistines were gathered "there" but gives no indication of where "there" was. Presumably the passage was picked up from another part of the text where the location of the action had already been established.
A parallel passage at 1 Chronicles identifies the place as Pas Dammim, and this is frequently substituted in translations of 2 Samuel to cover up the error. Again whoever inserted the text saying that God spoke to Moses "face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend" Exodus apparently failed to check that this was consistent with the main narrative, which at verse 20 has God saying to Moses "Thou canst not see my face".
If the same fact was stated several times, then a scribe who wanted to tamper with it had to be sure that he changed every incidence. This was often difficult. In the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Septuagint, Jacob is credited with having 75 descendants when his family came to Egypt; this is also the number quoted by Acts But the Masoretic Text gives the number as 70, and this is the figure that appears in biblical versions of Genesis and Exodus The Ten Commandments provides a series of examples of the dangers of tampering. The first problem is that there are two versions of the Commandments, at Exodus and Deuteronomy The two versions contradict each other by giving different reasons for observing the Sabbath As a note to the Jerusalem Bible says at Exodus "This is the Priestly version of the Ten Commandments; another version, the Deuteronomic, is found in Deuteronomy 5, and it is the second which has been adopted by the Church".
But this is only the start, because neither of these versions is the original. The original Ten Commandments, inscribed by Moses at God's dictation, bear little resemblance to either of them, being concerned mainly with religious festivals and taboos Exodus It is this list that is explicitly identified in the text as the "Ten Commandments" and is stated to have been written on the tablets that Moses brought down from mount Sinai Exodus Furthermore other sets of laws are listed that contradict each other in many details Footnotes in the Jerusalem Bible demonstrate all sorts of errors and sometimes how they arose:.
Two versions of the institution of the monarchy, a key episode in the history of Israel, are to be found alternating in the five chapters from 1 Samuel 8. One is by an anti-royalist author and the other by a royalist Another area particularly subject to both mistakes and deliberate tampering was provided by the numerous genealogies contained in the Old Testament.
The New International Version NIV identifies dozens of inconsistencies in footnotes, sometimes several in the same genealogy As an explanation of why two genealogies differ, the Jerusalem Bible see 1 Chronicles 2 note b points out that "Genealogies were often deduced from relationships between clans.
This reconstruction of the descendants of Caleb may differ from the list in vv. Ancient Middle Eastern alphabets contained no vowels. In the earliest biblical texts only the consonants were written down, without punctuation. This provided plenty of scope for misunderstandings, especially as the tense had to be guessed from the context. In many cases the wrong vowels were later inserted, giving the wrong word and the wrong meaning.
Again, since there was no equivalent to our quotation marks it is often difficult to identify the end of a speech. There were no gaps between words, and all letters were capitals, so it was sometimes difficult even to tell where one word ended and the next began. Furthermore the Jews did not use separate symbols for numbers, but like the Greeks and the Romans, used letters instead, a practice that opened up further possibilities for confusion.
Furthermore, Hebrew writers often swapped back and forth between first, second and third person personal pronouns, and even when they did not it is not always clear which pronoun referred to which noun. Most translations iron out such ambiguities without comment. We have seen that the original biblical texts contained errors of various sorts, but further errors have been introduced by translators.
Sometimes these errors are deliberate interpolations by translators, performed to tidy up inconvenient or inconsistent passages. In other cases they are genuine mistakes. The following examples include both types. Translations of the books of the Old Testament were made during the third and second centuries BC, probably for the library at Alexandria. The translations were made into the common Mediterranean language of the time, which was Greek. This collection is called the Septuagint , which in Latin means seventy, because of a tradition that it was translated by seventy scholars, all of whom were inspired and who independently produced identical translations The name is sometimes abbreviated as LXX, the Roman numerals for seventy.
In the first century, the New Testament did not exist and authority was believed to reside in the Septuagint and in Jesus" sayings, which circulated orally. At one time both Jews and Christians regarded the Septuagint as divinely inspired, but in the course of time many errors were revealed, and the Jews adopted better translations.
The Eastern Church retained its attachment to the Septuagint, while the Western Church adopted a Latin translation instead. The Septuagint was then virtually abandoned within Western Europe. For many centuries the Greek version was regarded there as no more than the book belonging to schismatic Eastern Churches. The Hebrew and Greek texts differed in many ways, even before Christians started interpolating their own text In the original text the book of Esther is simply a nationalistic Jewish tract. Christians were not comfortable with the fact that it made no mention of God.
Translators therefore inserted references to God into their versions of the Septuagint.
From there the additions were transferred to other early translations. Other additions are more difficult to discover, but are sometimes given away by linguistic features. For example, the story of Susanna and the Elders does not exist in the ancient Hebrew texts, only in the Greek. Had Hebrew editors suppressed it, as Christians claimed? Or had Greek editors added it, as the Jews claimed? As Julius Africanus noted as early as the third century AD, a principal feature of the story is a pun that works only in Greek, and the story must therefore be an addition to the original Semitic text.
Illustration of the story of Susanna and the Elders, a prurient story poular among painters The Elders threaten Susanna with death if she does not consent to have sex with them. As Jews, Jesus and his disciples would have used Aramaic as their everyday language. In view of their location and their professions, we have no reason to suppose that any of them knew Greek.
Koine , a form of Greek, was the common language of the Mediterranean, and this was the language used by the Pauline Christians. Educated Romans had always spoken Greek rather than Latin, and even up to the third century the language of Roman Christians was Greek.
Hippolytus AD c. Yet in time the Western Church would claim that Latin was the peculiar language of Christianity. Although the Biblewas originally written mainly in Hebrew and Greek, the Western Church ceded primacy to its own translation. St Jerome translated most of the Bible into Latin probably between and , based on Hebrew and Greek texts, along with earlier Latin translations.
His version is the known as Vulgate, so called because it was written as a new vulgar i. At the time it was controversial. There were riots over some of Jerome 's translations, which were held to amount to tampering with established traditions In time it became established not merely as authoritative, but divinely inspired. In the Council of Trent pronounced the Vulgate to be the only authentic Latin text. It is still considered authoritative on questions of faith and morals by the Roman Catholic Church How widely it differs from modern translations such as the Jerusalem Bible may be seen by the dual numbering system adopted in the Jerusalem Bible We note a couple of errors for historical interest:.
Moses wist not that the skin of his face shone This corrects an error in the Vulgate, which records that when Moses came down from the mountain he knew not that there were horns upon his countenance. The problem was caused by the lack of diacritical marks to represent vowel sounds: in Hebrew the words qaran , to shine, and qeren , to bear horns, have exactly the same consonants.
St Jerome chose the wrong one and translated it by the Latin cornuta ; so, later, did Luther who translated it with the German gehornt. Because of this mistranslation, many of the most famous depictions of Moses show him with a set of horns. The most spectacular examples are the well-known painting by Rembrandt and the statue by Michelangelo. When Adam and Eve are being evicted from the Garden of Eden, God promises that snakes and mankind will be enemies: mankind will strike snakes on the head and snakes will strike mankind on the foot.
In the original Hebrew of Genesis God cursed the snake saying "it [mankind] shall crush thy head". This was translated into Greek as "he [man] shall crush thy head", which Jerome turned into "she [Mary] shall crush thy head", a mistranslation that has been known for centuries but was held onto by the Church possibly because it helped bolster the claims of Mariologists. According to them Mary will one day crush Satan's head under her immaculate foot.
The error was still receiving papal confirmation in the nineteenth century 41 , and this is still a favourite theme in the Roman Catholic art of southern Europe. Likeother Church leaders of his time St Jerome had a low opinion of sex. In the Vulgate version of the book of Tobit, he made Tobias wait three nights before consummating his marriage see for example Tobit in the Douay-Rheims Bible, a Catholic translation of the Vulgate into English.
Then Tobias exhorted the virgin, and said to her: Sara, arise, and let us pray to God today, and tomorrow, and the next day: because for these three nights we are joined to God: and when the third night is over, we will be in our own wedlock. For we are the children of saints, and we must not be joined together like heathens that know not God. Tobit In modern versions, consummation of the marriage has reverted to a single night, but the bizarre numbering of the verses in the Jerusalem Bible shows that changes have been made.
For a time the Church tried to enforce three "Tobias nights" during which newly married couples had to refrain from sexual intercourse, though a dispensation could be bought for a fee Another problem was the way Jesus spoke to his mother "Woman, what have I to do with thee? Greek scholars had no doubt that this constituted a stern rebuke To people like St Jerome who were already in the process of elevating Mary above the rest of womankind, a more opaque translation was needed, and so he translated it as "Woman, what is that to me and to thee?
This softer translation is repeated in the Douay-Rheims Bible in English , but it is now generally accepted that the original conveys a rebuke. Probably the greatest-ever blunder in translation involved the name of God. As already mentioned, in early Hebrew only consonants were written down. There were no letters to fulfil the role of vowels diacritical marks were sometimes used instead, but not always. One of the Hebrew names of God, written JHVH and probably pronounced something like Yahweh, was regarded from the third century BC as too awful to speak aloud, except in special circumstances.
When reading the scriptures aloud, accepted Jewish practice was to substitute the word Adonai Lord for Yahweh. To remind readers about this the diacritical marks belonging to the word Adonai were written along with the name JHVH. Not knowing this, European translators in the sixteenth century combined the consonants and diacritics to produce a new name Jahovah or Jehovah. Some modern versions still use this name; others have reverted to Yahweh.
As modern translations admit, many terms used in the Bible are no longer in common use or understood. Among them are some names for animals, flowers, architectural features, clothing, jewellery, and musical instruments. On the other hand, for those who opt to, it must be difficult to follow the Old Testament dietary laws, when no one knows to which animals the prohibitions refer. Some of the traditional translations now seem a little quaint. The Hebrew re"em for example was translated into Greek as monoceros , and thence into English as unicorn.
Modern versions translate re"em less exotically as wild ox. Libro de horas de Carlos V. Two pink unicorns ascend the ramp of Noah's Ark. More serious is the mistranslation of words for doctrinal reasons.
Again, the continuity of the priesthood from ancient times could ostensibly be confirmed by having the first priest Aaron being invested with a bishop's crown of office rather than some sort of mullah's headgear. So it is that in the Authorised Version, Leviticus relates that Aaron wore a mitre , while more accurate modern translations render the word as turban. If the translators of the English Bible were divinely inspired, then it is odd that they remained ignorant of some of the hidden information in their texts. When Babylon represented the Jews" greatest enemy it was often impolitic to mention the place by name, so a code word was substituted.
The Jews used the Atbash code, a simple substitution cipher that rendered Babylon as Sheshach and Chaldea as Leb-kamai The translators of the Bible were apparently unaware that they were writing about Babylon and Chaldea, and simply transcribed the words as Sheshach and Leb-kamai. In other cases tampering is designed to disguise the true meaning of the text. The eroticism of the Song of Songs was a little too explicit for most translators. In the Authorised Version the lady in the Song of Songs tells us:. My beloved put his hand by the hole of the door, and my bowels were moved for him.
The words of the door are de-italicised because they do not exist in the original text. Modern translators are even more coy, referring to a latch or latch-opening instead of a hole. The translators of the Authorised Version did their best to paper over the cracks in the original texts. As we have already seen, they doctored the account of Goliath's death in 2 Samuel.
To take another example, they were faced by a contradiction concerning a woman called Michal, a daughter of Saul. According to 2 Samuel she remained childless until her death, but according to 2 Samuel she had five sons. The Authorised Version disguised this contradiction by implying that she merely brought up these sons for someone else Adriel. More modern versions of the Bible prefer a method used by a few early manuscripts and replace the name Michal by the name Merab in one of the stories.
According to 1 Samuel Saul reigned for one year, but the text then goes on to talk about when he had reigned for two years. The Authorised Version tried to gloss over the problem by some judicious punctuation: "Saul reigned for one year; and when he had reigned for two years over Israel The Jerusalem Bible avoids the problem by simply missing out the first verse altogether and starting at verse 2.
Often, translators mistranslated the ancient text to reflect the prejudices of their own times. In late medieval times Christians firmly believed that God had cursed women with suffering in childbirth. An even more damaging example is that of Hell. By translating different words as hell , bibles like the Authorized Version give the impression that the concept of hell dates back to ancient Jewish times, which it does not.
Reading an English bible alone it would be impossible to distinguish Gehenna in the New Testament from Sheol in the Old. Completely different ideas are thus conflated in English translations, which together seem to confirm the existence of a Satanic realm under the earth. Often a better translation for Hell would be grave , a different concept altogether. Witchcraft was a topical issue by the time that the Authorised Version was commissioned in the early seventeenth century, and King James wanted confirmation that the practice of witch killing had divine approval. The names of wrongdoers were therefore now translated as witch.
For example Exodus was translated as "Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live". But this was not the most natural translation. The original Hebrew had been mekashshephah magician, diviner, or sorcerer , which had been rendered into Greek as pharmakos druggist, apothecary, maker of potions and into Latin as Maleficos evil doer, criminal. No one suspected that the term referred to a witch or Devil worshipper, until it became necessary to justify witch persecutions.
In modern translations the word is generally rendered as "sorceress", though there is also a good case for "poisoner". Again, the woman consulted by Saul 1 Samuel had really been a fortune teller or ba"alath ob, a "mistress of the talisman". In Latin she became a mulierem habentem pythonem , "a woman possessing an oracular spirit", but in order to conform to the requirements of seventeenth century England, she became a Devil worshipper as well, the famous witch of Endor.
Translations have always been angled to suit the views of the translators, and not always for doctrinal reasons. As we have just seen, flexibility in translation can justify activities like witch-hunting. But there have been many other motivations, for example to confirm that kings are divinely appointed. Traditional Christian anti-Semitism has also been accommodated, for example by minimising the Jewishness of important biblical characters.
This was perfectly in line with the traditional techniques employed to make the text conform to current orthodoxy. Modern translations use a variety of more subtle techniques to manipulate the text. One is to introduce a section heading above a piece of text indicating that the subject matter concerns one thing when it might otherwise be interpreted as concerning something else. Thus for example in the NIV, the real Ten Commandments Exodus are not flagged as such, though the text explicitly describes them verse 28 as the Ten Commandments.
By contrast the later laws are so flagged by a heading, though the text does not identify them as the Ten Commandments Exodus To take another example, the Church has traditionally justified the practice of taxing people through the tithe system by reference to a biblical passage at Deuteronomy that does not mention tithes at all. A few versions of the Bible continue an old convention of inserting a heading that mentions tithes and thus helps foster the impression that tithes were justified by scripture.
Again, quotation marks are placed in places that make the passage conform to Christian requirements, and inverted commas are used to smooth over inconvenient terms. Thus for example the need to deny that there is more than one god is achieved in the NIV by placing the word gods in Psalm and 6 in inverted commas, so that Jahveh gives judgement not among the gods, but among the "gods". Inconvenient sons of God become children of Israel in Deuteronomy As in earlier translations, the free use of pronouns disguises the number of deities around.
For example the following passage looks wrong in the mouth of God "I overthrew some of you, as God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah" so it is instead translated as "I overthrew some of you, as I overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah" see Amos NIV. Capital letters can be used to the same end: a god becomes God so that Jahveh ceases to be one god among many see Deuteronomy NIV. Names of gods can be represented as different names for one God. Compare the first two verses of Psalm 91, first according to the Authorised Version, then with the real names of God instead of the conventional translations key words in bold type :.
He that dwelleth in the secret place of the most High shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty. Authorised Version. He that dwelleth in the secret place of Elyon shall abide under the shadow of Shaddai. I will say of Jahveh , He is my refuge and my fortress: my Elohim ; in him will I trust cf. Jerusalem Bible. The following table shows how some principal translations deal with the various names of the ancient Jewish gods found in the Old Testament:. The names Jahveh and Yaweh are just variant spellings. Other translators prefer Yahveh. At least one biblical writer found it necessary to assure readers that Jahveh and El Shaddai were the same god: in Exodus God explains that he had not used the name Jahveh in earlier times.
It is more than likely that Jahveh and El Shaddai were originally separate gods. Other divinities are melded into one by appropriate punctuation, for example the "fear of Isaac" in Genesis becomes a description of God rather than a separate god. The existence of other divinities is also disguised by judicious mistranslation.
The original text of Psalm refers to the womb of the goddess of the dawn, but it is not acceptable to mention that the Jews recognised other deities, so the Authorised Version speaks evasively of the womb of the morning. The Jerusalem Bible distorts the passage even further. In this version the womb does not even belong to the morning, let alone a goddess, and it is impossible from the English to deduce that the original author was referring to the womb of a goddess called Dawn.
Capital letters are important weapons in the armoury of orthodox Christian translators. By capitalising certain words they can be made into names, and by capitalising phrases it is possible to make them into titles. Thus in the New Testament Jesus is given the title of Son of man, but when the same phrase occurs in the Old Testament referring to someone else as it is throughout the book of Ezekiel it is more convenient to render it without capitals as the son of man, so that it is not a title at all. Another example of a name being manipulated is that of the supernatural character called Wisdom.
In English translations of the Bible her name is written wisdom, without a capital W, so that it does not look like a name at all. It is possible to read English translations without even suspecting the existence of a character called Wisdom, though she played a major part in Jewish and early Christian theology. By denying her a capital letter, her claim to divinity looks much weaker than it is.
The same would be true of the second person of the Trinity if we translated logos as word , instead of the Word. Similarly the Holy Spirit would look rather less impressive as a mere holy spirit. Careful translation also avoids the embarrassment to Christians of referring to people other than Jesus as Christ. In fact many individuals are referred to in the Old Testament as Christ Hebrew messiah, English "anointed".
When applied to Jesus in the New Testament the word is always used as a title, but when it is used of kings and high priests in the Old Testament it is rendered as "the anointed" see for example Leviticus , and Psalm should really be translated as "Touch not my christs" , which does not sound right to orthodox Christian ears. In almost all translations of Isaiah , God refers to Cyrus the Great as his anointed , rather than as his christ , which is just as correct. Inconvenient text can simply be dropped, though missing lines can sometimes be identified by missing verse numbers.
Another possibility is to swap the verses around to make the meaning more acceptable, as at Judges In the Authorised Version God himself could not drive people from a valley because they had iron chariots. And the LORD was with Judah; and he drave out the inhabitants of the mountain; but could not drive out the inhabitants of the valley, because they had chariots of iron.
In the Jerusalem Bible the word order is changed and the sense of the account jigged so that God is not involved in the difficulties that occurred in the valley or plain at all, only in the victory in the highlands. Answer not a fool according to his folly, lest thou also be like unto him. Proverbs Answer a fool according to his folly, lest he be wise in his own conceit. God created both man and woman on the sixth day Genesis , having already created the plants and animals.
But later, after the seventh day, he formed Adam from the dust of the ground Genesis , then the plants and animals again, then Eve. In the seventeenth century scholars noted the inconsistencies and deduced that there had been two creations, first of the gentiles then of the Jews.
Scholars in the next century realised that the story is composed of two separate accounts, although it took years for this realisation to gain general acceptance. It is now widely accepted to be correct, and biblical scholars concur that the first account was written by the Priestly P source and the second by the Yahwist J source. Again, the story of the flood is a conflation of two versions of the Babylonian story of Gilgamesh, one P, and the other J. In the P version, only one male and one female of each species is saved Genesis , whereas in the J version, seven or seven pairs of each clean animal species and one pair of unclean animal species are saved Genesis Ages and timings are frequently unreliable.
Jehoiachin was eight years old when he began his reign according to 2 Chronicles , but he was eighteen according to 2 Kings The two books also disagree about how long he reigned in Jerusalem. Again, Ahaziah was 22 years old when he ascended the throne according to 2 Kings , but he was 42 years old according to 2 Chronicles The first sounds slightly more reasonable since the second would make him two years older than his own father.
Other stories in the Bible also stretch the imagination. Enemies of the Jews for example were incredibly tenacious. The Edomites rebelled 2 Kings after every male of that race had been killed 1 Kings The Midianites were even more impressive. With all their males killed and females captured Numbers they somehow managed to defeat the Israelites Judges The Amalekites, having been utterly destroyed by Saul 1 Samuel , rose up against David, who left neither man nor woman alive amongst them 1 Samuel , after which they attacked him yet again 1 Samuel There are conflicting versions of what happened when the Assyrian Sennacherib demanded increased tribute from Hezekiah.
According to 2 Kings Hezekiah simply pays up. But, in the subsequent passage, 2 Kings , he appears to defy Sennacherib. The angel of the Lord then appears and kills , of Sennacherib's men during the night so that Sennacherib is obliged to return home defeated. God himself is not always consistent. The modern Ten Commandments say that God will visit the iniquity of the fathers upon the children Exodus and Deuteronomy , but Ezekiel says that the son shall not bear the iniquity of the father And it came to pass that night, that the angel of the Lord went out, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians an hundred fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpses.
Factual errors in the Old Testament are widely but not universally accepted.
33 Days to Morning Glory
Like any pre-scientific narrative, the Old Testament makes assumptions about the nature of the world that are now realised to be false. Genesis but are now known not to exist. Again we know today that stars do not sing Job , that Earth does not have edges or corners Job , Psalm , Ezekiel , and that snow and hail are not kept in storehouses Job The Bible also makes factual errors on subjects like geography, history and etymology , and assumes the efficacy of traditional folk magic e.
Genesis The Biblical version of the structure of the cosmos. Fundamentalist Christians still believe this to be a faithful representation of God's creation,with waters above and below the storehouses of snow and hail are ommitted here, but they can be presumably be tipped by God through the floodgates. Accounts of the creation of the world are clearly incompatible with what is now known about cosmology and geology.
The story of the creation of Adam and Eve does not square with archaeological or evolutionary evidence. The animal species known to science, which include over 4, species of mammals alone, could not fit into Noah's ark, whose dimensions are given in the biblical story Errors revealed by science could fill a book; indeed such errors did fill many books in the nineteenth century when many Christians still believed in the literal truth of the Bible. Biblical arithmetic is not too reliable either.
In Ezra 2 a list is given the total of which is stated to be 42, but which is really 29, Nehemiah 7 gives essentially the same list, but with some changes. This time the total is 31,, though it is still stated to be 42, Another class of error in the Old Testament comprises the numerous statements and promises that have proved to be false. For example the earthly punishments promised in Deuteronomy to those who fail to obey God do not appear to have ever been visited on a single offender.
God promised that men and women who follow his laws will never be childless, nor will their cattle; and neither will God's followers ever become ill Deuteronomy But none of these promises has been kept. The Jews were told repeatedly that they would not lose their land, but they lost it for many centuries. They were also told repeatedly that they would always have a king to rule over them, but they do not have one today The Old Testament says that Jerusalem will always be a peaceful abode Isaiah , which it has frequently not been; and that the uncircumcised will never enter it again Isaiah , though they enter it today, by the thousand.
Ezekiel 26 predicts that Nebuchadnezzar will take and destroy Tyre, but he failed to do so and had to be satisfied with Egypt instead. Old Testament authors often failed to appreciate that times change. They frequently projected titles, rituals and customs from their own time into the distant past. The author of Esther third or fourth century BC did it writing about ancient Persia around the fifth century BC, and the author of Daniel BC did it writing about events years earlier.
In each case the author was trying to present his work as being much older than it really was. Like the original authors, later interpolators gave themselves away in various ways. According to Genesis Pharaoh gave Abraham a number of animals including camels. The problem here is that camels were not domesticated until some years after the time of Abraham. Since Pharaoh is hardly likely to have provided wild animals as a reward, the passage must be a later interpolation.
Again, in Genesis Pharaoh has his chief baker hanged. But this form of capital punishment was unknown in Egypt at the time. Again the story seems to have been added later. According to 1 Samuel , David took Goliath's head back to Jerusalem, but this is hardly likely. Jerusalem was not annexed until years later. Saul's capital at this time was Gibeah in Judah. Genesis reports God's supposed commandment:.
And ye shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin, and it shall be a token of the covenant betwixt me and you. This is the reason why to this day Jewish males are circumcised. The problem is that when Genesis was purportedly written all Mesopotamian peoples practised circumcision. The custom could be regarded as especially Jewish only much later, when neighbouring peoples no longer practiced it.
The passage is thought to have been added during the Babylonian Exile, when Jewish leaders were keen to maintain the distinction between their own people and the uncircumcised Babylonians. According to later Jewish tradition the set of books to be regarded as canonical was settled in the fifth century BC, but this is demonstrably untrue. Some manuscripts included an appendix, which is known as V Esdras. Apocryphal, although they were declared to be genuine parts of scripture by the Council of Jassy and the Council of Jerusalem Ware, The Orthodox Church , p Similarly the name Eve is derived from the verb "to live".
Puns explain many apparently random phrases, for example "Tell it not in Gath" resonates more in Hebrew, in which the words tell and Gath sound similar. Examples of acrostics may be found in the first four chapters of Lamentations, also Psalms 25, 34, 37, , , , , and Proverbs In traditional English versions of the Bible Psalm is still divided up using Hebrew letters as numbers. For example N. Sandars trans. Clay tablets bearing Hammurabi's law code in cuneiform are housed in the Museum of the Ancient Orient in Istanbul.
In this last example it is clear that 2 Chronicles has been cut off part way through. Again, Psalm 70 is a repeat of Psalm See Romer, Testament , pp Some are simple explanations of the text; others are new threats and promises made on behalf of God. The Jerusalem Bible also identifies a couple of cases of inserted marginal digressions in Numbers In some manuscripts he is Jether the Jezreelite. See NIV. Jashobeam appears to be the same person as Josheb-Basshebeth.
According to another popular tradition 72 scholars translated it in 72 days. There are of course thousands of other disagreements. This was reaffirmed by the papal encyclical Providentissimus deus in Graef, Mary , vol. The letters of the alphabet were written out in two lines, the top line from left to right, and the second line from right to left:. To encrypt or decrypt a message each letter was replaced by the one immediately above or below it. Remember that there are no vowels in ancient Hebrew. Encoding it using the above table, each B becomes a Sh, and L becomes K.
When translated into English this becomes Sheshak or Sheshach, as in Jeremiah cf. It is easy to visualise the volume in question, since St Martin's church in Brighton was built to the same dimensions. Here is wisdom; this is the royal Law; these are the lively Oracles of God. Words spoken at the presenting of the Bible at the British Coronation Service. Click below for more information. Home Page - Index. Authorities Assessed. Apostolic Traditions. Church Fathers. General Church Councils. Early Christian History. What Jesus Believed. Who Founded Christianity?
Creation of Doctrine. The Concept of Orthodoxy. Origin of the Priesthood. Maintaining Deceptions. Suppress Facts.
Related Exodus Tales: Five-Minute Old Testament Stories (Five-Minute Bible Story Series Book 2)
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