On 14 June , Hearn, aged 23, married Alethea "Mattie" Foley, a year-old African American woman, an action in violation of Ohio's anti-miscegenation law at that time. In August , in response to complaints from local clergyman about his anti-religious views and pressure from local politicians embarrassed by some of his satirical writing in Ye Giglampz, the Enquirer fired him, citing as its reason his illegal marriage.
He went to work for the rival newspaper The Cincinnati Commercial. The Enquirer offered to re-hire him after his stories began appearing in the Commercial and its circulation began increasing, but Hearn, incensed at the paper's behavior, refused. Hearn and Foley separated, but attempted reconciliation several times before divorcing in Foley remarried in While working for the Commercial Hearn agreed to be carried to the top of Cincinnati's tallest building on the back of a famous steeplejack , Joseph Roderiguez Weston, and wrote a half-terrified, half-comic account of the experience.
It was also during this time that Hearn wrote a series of accounts of the Bucktown and Levee neighborhoods of Cincinnati, " During the autumn of , recently divorced from Mattie Foley and restless, Hearn had begun neglecting his newspaper work in favor of translating into English works of the French author Gautier. He had also grown increasingly disenchanted with Cincinnati, writing to Henry Watkin, "It is time for a fellow to get out of Cincinnati when they begin to call it the Paris of America.
Hearn lived in New Orleans for nearly a decade, writing first for the newspaper Daily City Item beginning in June , and later for the Times Democrat. Since the Item was a 4-page publication, Hearn's editorial work changed the character of the newspaper dramatically. As editor, Hearn created and published nearly two hundred woodcuts of daily life and people in New Orleans, making the Item the first Southern newspaper to introduce cartoons and giving the paper an immediate boost in circulation. Hearn gave up carving the woodcuts after six months when he found the strain was too great for his eye.
At the end of , Hearn took an editorial position with the New Orleans Times Democrat and was employed translating items from French and Spanish newspapers as well as writing editorials and cultural reviews on topics of his choice. The vast number of his writings about New Orleans and its environs, many of which have not been collected, include the city's Creole population and distinctive cuisine, the French Opera, and Louisiana Voodoo.http://taylor.evolt.org/syqip-torrefarrera-conocer-gente.php
Lafcadio Hearn or Yakumo Koizumi: Opera
Hearn wrote enthusiastically of New Orleans, but also wrote of the city's decay, "a dead bride crowned with orange flowers". Hearn's writings for national publications, such as Harper's Weekly and Scribner's Magazine , helped create the popular reputation of New Orleans as a place with a distinct culture more akin to that of Europe and the Caribbean than to the rest of North America. Hearn's best-known Louisiana works include:. Hearn also published in Harper's Weekly the first known written article about Filipinos in the United States , the Manilamen or Tagalogs , one of whose villages he had visited at Saint Malo , southeast of Lake Borgne in St.
Bernard Parish, Louisiana. At the time he lived there, Hearn was little known, and even now he is little known for his writing about New Orleans, except by local cultural devotees. However, more books have been written about him than any former resident of New Orleans except Louis Armstrong. Hearn's writings for the New Orleans newspapers included impressionistic descriptions of places and characters and many editorials denouncing political corruption, street crime, violence, intolerance, and the failures of public health and hygiene officials.
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Despite the fact that he is credited with "inventing" New Orleans as an exotic and mysterious place, his obituaries of the vodou leaders Marie Laveau and Doctor John Montenet are matter-of-fact and debunking. Selections of Hearn's New Orleans writings have been collected and published in several works, starting with Creole Sketches  in , and more recently in Inventing New Orleans: Writings of Lafcadio Hearn.
Harper's sent Hearn to the West Indies as a correspondent in In , Hearn went to Japan with a commission as a newspaper correspondent, which was quickly terminated. It was in Japan, however, that he found a home and his greatest inspiration. The Lafcadio Hearn Memorial Museum and his old residence are still two of Matsue's most popular tourist attractions. During his fifteen-month stay in Matsue, Hearn married Koizumi Setsu, the daughter of a local samurai family, with whom he had four children.
In October , he secured a journalism job with the English-language newspaper Kobe Chronicle , and in , with some assistance from Chamberlain, he began teaching English literature at Tokyo Imperial University , a job he had until In , he was a professor at Waseda University. While in Japan he encountered the art of ju-jutsu which made a deep impression upon him: . Hearn, who encountered judo in Japan at the end of the nineteenth century, contemplated its concepts with the awed tones of an explorer staring about him in an extraordinary and undiscovered land.
Surely none! The Western mind appears to work in straight lines; the Oriental, in wonderful curves and circles. On 26 September , he died of heart failure at the age of 54 years. In the late 19th century, Japan was still largely unknown and exotic to Westerners. However, with the introduction of Japanese aesthetics, particularly at the Paris Exposition Universelle of , Japanese styles became fashionable in Western countries. Consequently, Hearn became known to the world by his writings concerning Japan.
In later years, some critics would accuse Hearn of exoticizing Japan, but because he offered the West some of its first descriptions of pre-industrial and Meiji Era Japan, his work is generally regarded as having historical value. Yone Noguchi is quoted as saying about Hearn, "His Greek temperament and French culture became frost-bitten as a flower in the North. There is also a cultural center named after Hearn at the University of Durham. Hearn was a major translator of the short stories of Guy de Maupassant. It contains early editions, rare books and Japanese collectibles.
The visitors, through photos, texts and exhibits, can wander in the significant events of Lafcadio Hearn's life, but also in the civilizations of Europe, America and Japan of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries through his lectures, writings and tales. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Greco-Japanese writer. Lafcadio Hearn in by Frederick Gutekunst. Ireland portal Japan portal Biography portal. The life and letters of Lafcadio Hearn. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin. Lafcadio Hearn. New York: D. Appleton and Co.
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New York: Knopf. Lafcadio Hearn: American Writings. New York: Library of America. Legendary Locals of Cincinnati. Arcadia Publishing. Retrieved 7 May True Crime: An American Anthology.
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Library of America. American Literary Realism, — University of Illinois Press. A Lafcadio Hearn Companion.
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Greenwood Press. Retrieved 16 July Charles Woodward Hutson ed. Eventually, because of his writing skills he got a job with the Cincinnati Daily Enquire r newspaper. He worked there from to covering crime stories and also doing features about the poor and the downtrodden -- something he knew about first hand. He became popular with the reading public because of his highly descriptive and emotional style of writing.
He did all this while dealing with his own serious physical problem of bad eyesight -- he was blind in one eye, and badly nearsighted in the other. Hearn had a falling out with the Daily Enquirer and went to work instead with the Cincinnati Commercial newspaper. He had married and later divorced an African American woman, although inter-racial marriage was actually against the law at that time. He was rapidly becoming dissatisfied with life and with Cincinnati, and he wanted a drastic change.
So, when he convinced the Commercial that he could write articles for them and travel too, he headed south to sultry, exotic New Orleans. It is not clear if, or to what extent, the Commercial paid Hearn for his articles about New Orleans. Whatever the case, Hearn was, by all accounts and despite being at first very poor and hungry, finally happy with life during his stay in New Orleans where he seemed to fit in, in a city known for its unique nature -- where being odd was, and still is, normal.
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It was said that some of Hearn's happiest times were when he ate New Orleans dishes at a boarding house run by a woman named Mrs. Courtney, She was Irish and befriended Lafcadio and helped him out at times when he struggled with day-to-day life. He prospered in New Orleans somewhat becoming a news editor and even making illustrations or cartoons from woodcuts for the newspapers. Because of his knowledge of foreign languages, he began translation work too, translating books from French and Spanish.
Despite all of his journalistic work, he somehow managed to remain consistently poor and often hungry. His personal hunger led to an interest in food and then to recipes and cooking. New Orleans, with its unique culture, gave him much to write about from the French Opera to Voodoo. The portrait he made of New Orleans was that of a mysterious, exotic, European or Caribbean city.
Later on in his career, he would write about the paranormal and ghost stories. We have to wonder how much New Orleans influenced him on this. Using his literary fame and personal charm, he maneuvered his way into the homes of prominent ladies and gentlemen in the old Creole city of New Orleans. He got a free meal and plenty of material to write his cookbook, to boot.
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There were no microwaves or even electric stoves back then, of course. Even pots and pans were different. Many of his recipes are very simply written. For example, for Jambalaya which he calls Jambalaya of Fowls and Rice he basically says to stew a chicken, add rice and ham, spices, and cook. Indeed, he was right. Many Creole recipes still do change from chef to chef and home cook to home cook. Nothing is written in stone. It allowed for the English-speaking world to begin the great adventure of making real New Orleans Creole Cuisine at home.
Hearn did not remain in New Orleans, however, although he clearly loved the uniqueness of the Crescent City. He developed an interest in the Far East and Asian philosophy and wanted to travel again. Reportedly, his interest in Japan was awakened when he saw the Japanese exhibit at the Cotton Exposition in New Orleans.
Lafcadio's interest in religion, philosophy, and spiritualism led him to an interest in Buddhism which in turn led him to Japan.
- Read Books and Biography of Classics Author Lafcadio Hearn..
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- On Being Grumpy: Musing Of A Malcontent;
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- Digital_Humanities (MIT Press).
He went to Japan as a journalist, but he stayed and made it his home. He married a Japanese woman, who was the daughter of a samurai, and adopted a Japanese name -- Koizumi Yakumo. Hearn became wildly popular as a writer in Japan and even taught school for awhile. He also officially changed his religion to Buddhism. For a while he also followed the philosophy of Herbert Spencer who believed in Darwinian evolution. Hearn was apparently always seeking "the answer.
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